21 Things You Should Never Do in Winter

21 Things You Should Never Do in Winter

They call it the most beautiful time of the year. It is also a time for angry colds, painful back pain and dangerous slips and falls. Take control of your health with these 21 things to avoid, every winter from the best doctors in the country.

I'm sorry, Mom, but it just is not true – you do not lose 50% of your body heat through your head. According to one in the British Medical Journal. The head accounts for about 7 percent of the body surface, and heat loss is essentially equal to that amount (far from nearly 50 percent).

The remedy Rx: The author of the study concludes that it is a matter of individual preference whether to wear a hat or not to stay comfortable.

"According to traditional East Asian principles, natural factors such as wind, heat, cold and moisture can enter the body from the neck," he says Dr. Tom Ingegno, DACM, MSOM, LAC. "There are several acupuncture points between the base of the skull and the top of the shoulders that carry the word 'wind' in their name, and the theory is that wind causes disease in these areas Keeping your body warm, the energy your body makes keeps your immune system running. "

Most Americans lack vitamin D all year round, but it can be particularly difficult to get enough of the "sunshine vitamin" during the winter months. That's because we get the most from us Vitamin D when our skin absorbs UVB rays from the sun. In winter, we are all bundled under thick coats, so not so much skin is exposed. In addition, the sun's rays become so indirect that our body simply can not absorb the UVB anymore. Low vitamin D levels are associated with seasonal affective disorder (SAD), bone and muscle loss, increased risk of type 2 diabetes and other problems.

The remedy Rx: Your doctor can do a simple blood test to check your vitamin D level. You can also get better by eating healthy foods rich in vitamins, such as mushrooms, tuna and pork chops.

It snowed five inches last night, and you're already late for work. But before you rush outside to shovel, consider the following: You could dig your own grave. "More than Every year, 100 people die from snow shoveling, "says Nina Geromel, PT, DPT, ATC. In winter, people are generally less mobile. Combining this with a high-intensity aerobic workout, such as shoveling, can put more strain on your heart and cause a heart attack. "

The remedy Rx: Warm up as you would before running. You're out in the cold and doing an intense aerobic exercise shoveling all the snow. So do a few squats and stretches before you come out the door.

CONNECTED: 40 Ways to Treat Your Heart Wrong

They say fashion means pain – just do not go on the catwalk to the emergency room. Ice is not always easy to spot on a sidewalk. So if you walk too fast in slippery shoes, it can lead to disaster. Loud Mayo Clinic, older adults are at risk of injury due to winter falls. "I see a lot of people falling on ice," says Carol Thelen, CRNP of Mercy Medical Center. "They often say they have not seen the 'black ice'."

The remedy Rx: We do not tell you to sell your favorite shoes. But do not wear them outside in cold weather – there might be ice cream that you can not see on the sidewalk. Invest in a pair of snowshoes or shoes with non-slip soles to help slipping.

They have always been lucky – never had a flu. So why try this year? Because the odds are not in your favor. Last year, more than 647,000 people were hospitalized and 61,200 died of flu complications. According to CDC, all are older than 6 months should get the flu shotwith very rare exceptions. Despite claims to the contrary, the flu vaccine is safe and prevents millions of illnesses annually. Influenza viruses develop quickly, which is why you need to get an injection every year. And your flu shot can help prevent others from coming to the hospital.

"The flu is a serious illness," says dr. Holly Phillips, certified internist in Manhattan and medical expert at RxSaver. "Most at risk are infants, the elderly and people with underlying conditions like asthma, diabetes or heart disease, and children are even more likely to get flu than adults, in part because they go to school, where germs spread like wildfire."

The remedy Rx: Ask your doctor today for a flu shot. You may also be able to get your vaccine in a local pharmacy or clinic as a walk-in vaccine without an appointment.

Winter can be tough. It's dark outside when you go to work, and it's dark when you're on your way home. It is much easier to wake up on the sunny side of your bed when the sun is shining. But do not let yourself become a couch potato. "Chilly weather means we're less likely to take enough steps and spend less time outdoors," says Amy Chow, RD.

The remedy Rx: If your fitness tracker says "it's time to stand" – do it. You can take a brisk walk around the office or find a Zumba class to shake your prey and do your workouts in the winter.

A good night's sleep is crucial to your health. The reason for this is that sleep helps your body to become healthy and keeps your immune system functioning. Not getting enough sleep is dangerous, not only because you are tired and in a bad mood for your colleagues. If you are chronically sleeping too little, you are at a higher risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease and other health problems. "Having eight hours of sleep is very important, it strengthens your immune system's immune system," he says Dr. Myles Spar, MD, Chief Medical Officer of Vault Health.

The remedy Rx: Netflix will be there tomorrow. Go to bed.

Most of us know how to check smoke detectors, but when was the last time you thought about carbon monoxide? It is an odorless and colorless gas that can kill you if you breathe it too long in an unventilated environment. It is important to be aware of carbon monoxide poisoning in winter, as the gas may be released by faulty heating systems or gas-powered appliances, and the likelihood of windows opening in cold weather is less likely. Loud CDC"Every year, more than 400 Americans die from unintentional CO poisoning that is not associated with fires, more than 20,000 visit the emergency room and more than 4,000 are hospitalized."

The remedy Rx: Make sure your household has battery-powered carbon monoxide detectors, and replace them at least twice a year. (A good way to remember is to swap them in the summertime.)

CONNECTED: 100 ways your home could make you sick

If you have a glamorous Christmas party, you should not go hungry all day to prepare for binge eating later. It's not good for you in the long run. "Many people think black and white about food, where they go on a diet or spend everything," says Amy Chow, RD. "Emotional eating often revolves around feelings of guilt and shame in food culture, and here it is most likely that people indulge excessively."

The remedy Rx: Have healthy takeaway options throughout the day for easy refueling. "I always keep a supply of chomps in the glove compartment for a quick snack that's healthy and high in protein, "says Maggie Michalczyk, RDN.

The winter months can be particularly hard for people with Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). It is quite normal to feel a little blue in winter when the sun shines less and the cold nights seem to extend forever. But if you find that the sadness enters your daily life and makes you depressed, you may become sad. According to the Mayo Clinic, you may have SAD if you have low energy, feel bad most of the time, have trouble concentrating and everything happens during the winter months. SAD appears to be most prevalent in people living far from the equator, possibly due to the limited sunlight they receive during the winter months.

The remedy Rx: If you are concerned about the symptoms of SAD, contact your doctor or therapist immediately. Mental health is just as important as physical health, so there is no reason to postpone an appointment.

Driving to and from holiday celebrations can exhaust everyone. It may seem like it's not a big deal – "we all do it", you might think – but it can be deadly. Loud National Sleep FoundationSleepy driving is downright dangerous. In fact, sleepy driving has almost the same effect on the body as drinking alcohol. Being awake for 18 hours at a time means having a blood alcohol level of 0.05 (the legal limit is 0.08). Your reaction times will slow down as well as your judgment – not a good mix on dark, icy roads.

The remedy Rx: If you are tired, drive to a safe place to take a nap, or ask someone else to drive. It's better to be late for the Christmas party than to get into a wreck.

The simple habit of washing one's hands can keep you from getting sick. Proper hand washing is one of the most important things you can do for your health, according to CDC. This is because the feces contain nasty insects such as Norovirus, Salmonella and E. coli that cause disease. Other germs can spread if you touch a hard surface with unwashed hands where it can stay alive for a surprisingly long time. "The flu can survive for 24 hours on hard surfaces such as computer keyboards and door handles, where it can easily be picked up by hands touching the surface," Dr. Phillips.

The remedy Rx: Wash your hands with soap and water every time you use the bathroom Read these important tips to make sure you get it right.

Everyone handles stress differently. But when your stress gets out of control, you can feel it in your body – because stress lets your body release adrenaline. If you feel better about it, you are not alone. According to a 2019 Gallup poll, Americans are among the most stressed people on Earth: more than half of us say they are "stressed all day".

The remedy Rx: When you feel stresses It's time for a short break. Take a deep breath, go for a walk or watch a cute animal video. But do not ignore any signs of something more serious – talk to your doctor if you feel really depressed or out of control.

CONNECTED: 50 unhealthiest habits on the planet

Bathing in a hot tub is one of the best ways to warm up in the winter – but for some it can be dangerous. Pregnant woman If you use a hot tub, the risk of miscarriage is twice as high, and the risk increases the more often you take a bath. You can also get Legionnaire's disease by inhaling bacteria in the vapor of a contaminated tub.

The remedy Rx: It is probably okay for most people to relax in the hot tub – even for people who have been treated hypertension They are allowed to soak for a maximum of ten minutes.

We get it. They want to stop feeling sick. But antibiotics are not always the answer. They only kill bacteria, so treating a cold with antibiotics does nothing to make you feel better.

"Most common colds are caused by viruses, so antibiotics are not an effective treatment option." Dr. Kelly Bay,

The remedy Rx: There are effective ways to treat a cold at home – read our Expert tips. If the situation gets worse, call your doctor.

It's winter, so for many of us it's only part of the business to be inside. It's hard to think about going outside when the weather is not there. Nevertheless, avoid large crowds in the smallest of spaces if you can remedy this. "Malls, theaters and airports will always have a lot of viruses and germs," ​​he says Dr. Michael Hall. "If you find you can not avoid being near a crowd, wash your hands regularly and avoid being near coughing or sneezing."

As it turns out, these spicy onions are not just for cooking meatloaf. Garlic contains active ingredients that help the immune system to fight germs. A small study It was found that the number of colds was almost halved from those taking a garlic supplement daily. "Garlic is a good expectorant for sucking up mucus in case of illness," he says Dr. Erica Steele.

Recommendation: Why not give a little garlic in your winter menu? Try one of our delicious (and healthy!) Recipes.

The air tends to be drier in winter, and as you turn the thermostat on instead of opening the windows, there is not so much natural humidity indoors. That means you have rather dry skin. Exposure to cold air can irritate your skin even more, especially on extremities such as hands and feet. If your skin starts to rupture and bleed, it can lead to infections (not to mention that it really hurts).

The remedy Rx: Loud Mayo Clinic, You should try to avoid long, hot showers and baths as this can dry out your skin even more. Use a thick moisturizer such as Eucerin or Cetaphil to create a barrier on your skin to prevent water from leaking. Avoid rough soaps and try a humidifier to add more steam to the room air. Make an appointment with your doctor if you notice severe dandruff or notice a more serious illness.

Drinking enough water is vital to your health – especially during the winter months. That's because your body needs to be hydrated to function properly, and headaches can occur when you're dehydrated. "I find that rest and hydration are half the battle when I feel sick," says the functional medicine nurse Cynthia ThurlowNP. "A little more rest combined with hydration will help you speed up your cold."

The remedy Rx: Take a refillable water bottle along the way. It's an easy way to stay hydrated while working or running errands. The Mayo Clinic Recommended daily are about 15.5 cups of water for men and 11.5 cups for women. If that seems too high to you, do not let a number stop you – lots of water is a good place to start.

It is after all Snowfall – the perfect day to hit the slopes. Do not forget to take your sunscreen along with your skis. Loud CDC, Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers. Just because it's not warm outside does not mean you're not at risk. Snow reflects up to 80% of the sun's rays, as if you were hit twice with UV. And the UV exposure increases by 4 to 5% per 1 000 feet above sea level. So if you are on a mountain, the risk of your skin being damaged by the sun increases.

The remedy Rx: Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least 30 SPF to your face before going outside. Apply it every two hours and after heavy sweating after a hard run. Do not forget your lips – use a balm with integrated sunscreen. And to live your happiest and healthiest life, you should not miss those 70 things that you should never do for your health.

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